Diazepam and its uses?
Diazepam is a prescription medicine used to treat the symptoms of Anxiety, Endoscopy, Alcohol Withdrawal, Muscle Spasm, Seizure Disorder and Sedation. As such, Diazepam used alone or with other medications.
Diazepam belongs to a class of drugs called Antianxiety Agents; Anxiolytics, Benzodiazepines; Skeletal Muscle Relaxants; Anticonvulsants, Benzodiazepine.
No information if Diazepam is safe and effective in children younger than 6 months of age.
Indication of Diazepam
Diazepam tablets, USP indicated for the management of anxiety disorders. Equally for the short-term relief of the symptoms of anxiety. Anxiety or tension associated with the stress of everyday life usually does not require treatment with an anxiolytic.
In acute alcohol withdrawal, diazepam tablets may be useful in the symptomatic relief of acute agitation, tremor, impending or acute delirium tremens and hallucinosis.
Diazepam tablets are a useful adjunct for the relief of skeletal muscle spasm due to reflex spasm to local pathology (such as inflammation of the muscles or joints, or secondary to trauma), spasticity caused by upper motor neuron disorders (such as cerebral palsy and paraplegia), athetosis, and stiff-man syndrome.
Drug Abuse And Dependence
Diazepam is subject to Schedule IV control under the Controlled Substances Act of 1970. Reported Abuse and dependence of benzodiazepines. Addiction-prone individuals (such as drug addicts or alcoholics) should be under careful surveillance when receiving diazepam or other psychotropic agents because of the predisposition of such patients to habituation and dependence. Once physical dependence to benzodiazepines has developed, termination of treatment will be accompanied by withdrawal symptoms. The risk is more pronounced in patients on long-term therapy.
Withdrawal symptoms, similar in character to those noted with barbiturates and alcohol have occurred following abrupt discontinuance of diazepam. These withdrawal symptoms may consist of tremor, abdominal and muscle cramps, vomiting, sweating, headache, muscle pain, extreme anxiety, tension, restlessness, confusion and irritability. In severe cases, the following symptoms may occur: derealization, depersonalization, hyperacusis, numbness and tingling of the extremities, hypersensitivity to light, noise and physical contact, hallucinations or epileptic seizures. Also in patients with over an extended period of time. Generally milder withdrawal symptoms (e.g., dysphoria and insomnia) have been reported following abrupt discontinuance of benzodiazepines taken continuously at therapeutic levels for several months. Consequently, after extended therapy, abrupt discontinuation should generally be avoided and a gradual dosage tapering schedule followed.